Dojo Terms

Basic Termininology

Japanese word or term (Phonetic Pronunciation) Definition
Ai (eye) Harmony, unity to join or become one with
Ki (key) Spirit, life force or vital energy, the essence of universal creative energy
Do (doe) the way or the path
Dojo (doe-joe) the place where the way is revealed
Gi (ghee) white training uniform
Hanmi (hawn-mee) the relaxed, triangular stance of Aikido
Hara (hah-rah) the lower abdomen
Hidari (hee-dar-ree) Left (direction)
Irimi (ee-ree-mee) enter
Kamae (kah-mye) a posture or stance of readiness
Keiko (kay-koe) study or practice
Kyu (kyoo) white belt grade
Migi (mee-ghee) Right (direction)
Nage (nah-gay) to throw, the person who throws
Obi (oh-bee) belt (part of the gi)
Omote (oh-moe-tay) to the front
O-Sensei (oh-sen-say) Great Teacher - The title used for the Founder of Aikido
Rei (ray) to bow
Seiza (say-zah) formal sitting position
Sensei (sen-say) Teacher
Shikko (shi-koh) knee walking
Tenkan (ten-kawn) to turn
Uke (oo-kay) to receive, the person being thrown
Ukemi (oo-keh-me) technique of falling; The first and most important step to developing good Aikido techniques is learning to take ukemi.
Ura (oo-rah) to the back or around
Waza (wah-zah) technique

Common Dojo Phrases

Japanese word or term (Phonetic Pronunciation) Definition
Abunai! (ah-boo-nye) Watch out! Be careful!
Arigato Gozaimashita! (ah-ree-gah-toe go-zye-mahsh-tah) Thank you for what you did!
Do itasimasite! (doe ee-tahsh-ee-mahsh-teh) You're welcome! Don't mention it.
Dozo! (doe-zoe) Please! - as in Go ahead! (This may be an instruction from your teacher when they want you to begin practice after they have demonstrated a technique.)
Gomen nasai! (goe-mehn nah-sigh) I'm sorry! Forgive me.
Yame. (yah-meh) Please stop.
Konban wa. (con-bahn wah) Good evening.
Konnichi wa. (con-ee-chee wah) Good afternoon
Mokuso! (moke-sew) Please come to attention; make yourself ready for keiko; Meditate!
Ogenki desuka? (oh-gehn-key dehs-kah) How are you?
Ohayo gozaimasu! (oh-high-oh go-zye-mahs) Good morning.
Onegaishimasu! (oh-neh-guy-she-mahs) Thank you for what you are about to do; Let's practise
Oyasumi nasai (oh-yah-soo-mee nah-sigh) Good night.
Sayonara (sigh-oh-nah-rah) Good bye


Japanese word or term (Phonetic Pronunciation) Definition
Ichi (ee-chee) One
Ni (knee) Two
San (sun) Three
Shi (she) Four
Go (go) Five
Roku (row-koo) Six
Siti (she-chee) Seven
Hati (hah-chee) Eight
Ku (koo) Nine
Ju (joo) Ten

Attacks and Techniques

Japanese word or term (Phonetic Pronunciation) Definition
Tori or Dori (toe-ree, doe-ree) to grab
Tsuki (tsoo-key) straight punch or thrust
Katadori (kah-tah toe-ree) shoulder grab
Katatedori (kah-tah-teh toe-ree) wrist grab (same side)
Aidori (eye-toe-ree) cross hand grab
Ryotedori (ree-oh-teh toe-ree) two hands grabbing two hands
Morotedori (moe-row-teh toe-ree) two hands grabbing one hand
Shomenuchi (show-mehn-oo-chee) strike to the top of the head or forehead
Yokomenuchi (yo-koe-meh-new-chee) strike to the side of the head
Ushiro (oo-she-roe) from behind
Ikkyo (ee-kyoh) first form
Nikyo (knee-kyoh) second form
Sankyo (sun-kyoh) third form
Yonkyo (jon-kyoh) fourth form
Gokyo (go-kyoh) fith form
Shihonage (she-hoh-nah-gay) four direction throw
Iriminage (ee-ree-me-nah-gay) entering throw
Kaitennage (kye-teh-nah-gay) turning throw
Koshinage (koe-she-nah-gay) hip throw
Kokyunage (koe-kjoo-nah-gay) breath or rhythm throw
Tenchinage (ten-she-nah-gay) heaven and earth throw
Kotegaeshi (koe-teh-guy-she) wrist turn out

Parts of the Body

Japanese word or term (Phonetic Pronunciation) Definition
Ashi (ah-she) Foot
Hara (hah-rah) Stomach
Hiji (he-jee) Elbow
Hiza (he-zah) Knee
Kata (kah-tah) Shoulder
Koshi (koe-she) Hip
Kubi (koo-bee) Neck
Kuchi (koo-chee) Mouth
Me (meh) Eye
Men (mehn) Head
Mune (moo-neh) Chest
Senaka (she-nah-kah) Back
Te (teh) Hand
Tekubi (teh-koo-bee) Wrist
Yubi (you-bee) Fingers